"Assumption of the Virgin" is a precious and no less than a divine creation by Tiziano Vecellio, popularly known as Titian, one of the most versatile painters from Italy in the sixteenth century. The painting, "Assumption of the Virgin" is a colossal oil painting measuring 690 cm × 360 cm (270" × 140"), painted during 1516-18. It is presently placed in the Basilica of Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari (commonly called Frari), a famous church at Venice, in the northern part of Italy. A 22' high altarpiece, the work is considered the biggest one in the entire city.
"Assumption of the Virgin" interprets a scene of Virgin Mary's rise to heaven. The body of the painting can be divided into three distinct portions, bottom, middle, and upper. The bottom most or the first portion consists of the Apostles, who have their hands raised towards sky, except the Apostle named St. Peter, whose arms are folded. The Apostles are gazing at Virgin Mary with the mixed expressions of pleasure and wonder. In the next or the middle portion, Virgin Mary is standing on the illuminated clouds, floating between Apostles and God. Innumerable winged celestial being, called Cherubs, can be seen surrounding Virgin Mary. The Cherubs are representing the sentiments of glorifying and honoring the whole act in a dramatic manner, thereby imparting a merry mood to the painting. The topmost and the last portion is showing God, the deity, the supernatural creator of the universe accompanied by one Cherub, carrying the Holy Crown of Glory to venerate Mother Mary.
Titian chose golden brown color as the background in "Assumption of the Virgin" to pay tribute to the tradition of Venetian mosaics. This artwork is a pre-figuration of styled images all over. The choice of colors and the figuration of every image in the painting evoke a dramatic and glorifying environment. A keen look at the painting demonstrates Titian's excellent positioning of the dark and the light elements, as contrast. The balanced chromatic effect in the work provides it a soft and delicate look, embroidered with colors.
"Assumption of the Virgin" did not gain immediate applaud from the spectators, as they were not ready for the innovative concept of Titian. Later though, this piece shot him to fame in Venice. In the year 1818, the painting was taken to the Venice Academy, a museum gallery of pre-nineteenth century art in Venice. It was however, restored to its original location in Frari in 1919.